CBD vs THC - What is the difference?

CBD vs THC - What is the difference?

There’s a lot of confusion surrounding the difference between CBD and THC, but don’t worry, we'll explain the basic differences on this page. The main difference between CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is that CBD doesn’t induce a ‘high’ or bring about any of the symptoms associated with THC, such as red eyes, poor coordination, delayed reactions, and an increased appetite.

Both CBD and THC compounds are found within the cannabis plant, but in different amounts depending on the variety of plant. The hemp plant contains a very low amount of THC - lower than 0.2% - which means its use in the UK is completely legal. However, the marijuana plant has greater levels of THC and is largely illegal in the UK. Both plants generally contain a substantial amount of CBD, so it makes sense to use the hemp plant as it dramatically reduces the involvement of THC.

Looking at both substances at a molecular level, both CBD and THC have the same chemical makeup: twenty-one carbon atoms, thirty hydrogen atoms, and two oxygen atoms. However, what makes them different is all down to the arrangement of a single atom - a microscopic difference, but a very important one nonetheless!

When scientists began studying the Endocannabinoid System in the 1980s, they discovered two cannabinoid receptors in the nervous system which they classified as the CB1 and CB2 receptors. Many CB1 receptors are found in areas of the brain responsible for mental and physiological processes such as memory, cognition, emotion, and motor coordination, while CB2 receptors are found throughout the central nervous and immune systems.


The Legalities of CBD

Because of CBD’s often misunderstood associated with cannabis, the legal status of CBD products is very important too. In the UK, CBD and hemp products are legal to grow and market, whereas THC and marijuana are classified as class-B illegal drugs. Our Green Stem collection is strictly within the legal limits, so you have nothing to worry about when using our products.

Whilst CBD and THC share many similarities, the main difference between the two is that THC has mind-altering effects and is illegal in the UK, whilst CBD does not have a psychotropic effect and is completely legal. Many of the health benefits found in THC are also found in CBD, but CBD can be consumed without the risk of breaking the law or experiencing unpleasant side effects.

Hemp vs Marijuana an Explanation

Hemp contains high levels of CBD - it has no psychotropic properties. It is completely safe to use and cannot make you high. A report from the World Health Organization (WHO) states “in humans CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential.” We always recommend you choose a product that is made by a reputable company with high-quality ingredients and testing certificates – like Green Stem.

Our products are completely THC-free, they are also stringently tested to demonstrate a ‘non-detect’ level. Certificates of Analysis can be provided for all our products.

Hemp can also be used in the production of paper, clothing, building materials, biofuel, food products, oils, and more.

Marijuana generally contains higher concentrates of THC – the psychotropic substance and very low levels of CBD. It is illegal to possess in the UK.

CBD vs THC - What is the difference? Infographic: Hemp vs. Marijuana

Green Stem CBD
Promoting Wellness and a healthy lifestyle

Green Stem CBD is an award-winning CBD manufacturer based in Guildford. Our ethos is to innovate and manufacture remarkable CBD products to improve the quality of life and sense of wellbeing of our customers, and to make CBD accessible for those who need it the most.

All of our CBD oils are made with premium Broad Spectrum CBD distillate, beautifully blended with quality MCT oil derived from coconuts, paired with a great selection of delicious flavours to choose from - to make incorporating CBD into your daily life a breeze! View our CBD oil range here.

Our topical range of CBD products beautifully incorporates the power of nature by using the finest essential oils and natural extracts, infused with our award-winning CBD, resulting in the best CBD skincare products. View our CBD skincare & recovery products here.

As the UK's most trusted CBD brand, we also offer free guidance to all of our customers. If you would like to get in touch with us about our products or CBD in general, you can reach us easily by sending us an email to support@greenstemcbd.com or by giving us a call on 01483 979 447 (09.00 - 17.30 Monday to Friday).