Everything you need to know about terpenes

Terpenes and CBD work in conjunction to create something called the Entourage Effect. Here we breakdown everything there is to know about Terpenes.

27 October 2022

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What are Terpenes?

Terpenes are a diverse class of organic compounds that are commonly found in plants, including the cannabis plant. These compounds are responsible for the distinct aromas and flavours of plants and can also contribute to the entourage effect when consumed alongside other cannabinoids and terpenes. Terpenes are commonly discussed in relation to CBD products because cannabis plants contain a high concentration of different types of terpenes.

There are over 20,000 different types of terpenes found in nature, with more than 100 identified in the cannabis plant alone. Each type of terpene has a unique chemical structure that gives it a distinct aroma and potential effects. For example, linalool is a terpene found in lavender that is known for its calming properties, as well as the distinct and famous lavender scent. Limonene, another example of a Terpene, is found in citrus fruits, and is known for its uplifting and energizing effects.

What do terpenes do?

Terpenes are a large and diverse group of organic compounds that are found in various parts of plants, such as the leaves, flowers, fruits, and roots. They play important roles in plant growth, development, and defense.

Specifically, terpenes contribute to the plant’s defense against herbivores and pests, as well as against environmental stressors such as drought, high temperatures, and UV radiation. They also attract pollinators and seed dispersers through their distinct aromas and flavors.

Terpenes are also involved in the production of essential oils, which have been used for medicinal, culinary, and cosmetic purposes for thousands of years.

When terpenes are consumed alongside other cannabinoids, such as CBD, they can work together to produce the entourage effect. This phenomenon is the result of the combined effects of multiple compounds working together to produce a more potent effect than any one compound alone.


The effects of Terpenes

In addition to contributing to the entourage effect, terpenes may also have potential supportive qualities on their own. Terpenes are known for their ability to interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system. For example, beta-caryophyllene, a terpene found in black pepper and other plants, has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. Other terpenes, such as alpha-pinene and beta-pinene, may have potential anti-carcinogenic properties.

However, it is important to note these perceived effects still lack the extensive research required to prove them, hence the importance of further study in regards to Terpenes.

The effects of terpenes can vary depending on the individual and the concentration in which they are consumed. The entourage effect, which occurs when multiple cannabinoids and terpenes are consumed together, may also play a role in the effects of terpenes. More research is needed to fully understand the potential supportive qualities of terpenes and their interactions with other compounds.



  1. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/what-are-terpenes

  2. https://weedmaps.com/learn/dictionary/terpenes#terpenes-vs-terpenoids-whats-the-difference

  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8414653/